Silk is produced year-round in Thailand by two types of silkworms, the cultured Bombycidae and wild Saturniidae. Most production is after the rice harvest in the southern and northeastern parts of the country.

Women traditionally weave silk on hand looms and pass the skill on to their daughters, as weaving is considered to be a sign of maturity and eligibility for marriage.

Thai silk textiles often use complicated patterns in various colours and styles. Most regions of Thailand have their own typical silks. A single thread filament is too thin to use on its own so women combine many threads to produce a thicker, usable fiber.

We do this by hand-reeling the threads onto a wooden spindle to produce a uniform strand of raw silk. The process takes around 20 hours to produce a half kilogram of silk. Many local operations use a reeling machine for this task, but some silk threads are still hand-reeled. The difference is that hand-reeled threads produce three grades of silk: two fine grades that are ideal for lightweight fabrics, and a thick grade for heavier material.

The silk fabric is soaked in extremely cold water and bleached before dyeing to remove the natural yellow coloring of Thai silk yarn. To do this, skeins of silk thread are immersed in large tubs of hydrogen peroxide. Once washed and dried, the silk is woven on a traditional hand-operated loom.


Taffeta (archaically spelled taffety or taffata) is a crisp, smooth, plain woven fabric made from silk

The word came into Middle English via Old French and Old Italian, which borrowed the Persian word tāfta , which means "silk" or "linen cloth".

Taffeta is made using the plain-weave technique, which has a single weft thread going over and under a single warp thread, creating a checkerboard pattern. What makes taffeta unique is that the threads are twisted as they are woven, which creates the stiffness and structure of the resulting fabric

As clothing, it is used in ball gowns, wedding dresses, and corsets, and in interior decoration for curtains or wallcovering. It tends to yield a stiff, starched-like cloth that holds its shape better than many other fabrics and does not sag or drape

Advantages of taffeta:

Light weight

Rich and luxurious

Smooth and shiny


Dupioni (also referred to as douppioni, doupioni or dupion) is a plain weave silk fabric, produced using fine yarn in the warp and uneven yarn reeled from two or more entangled cocoons in the weft.

Dupioni silk is created from silk cocoons that are spun by silkworms. The cocoons are carefully selected for their quality, and the silk is extracted from them in long strands. These strands are then twisted together to form a single thread, which is woven into the fabric.

The unique texture of Dupioni is created by the irregularities in the weaving process. Unlike other silk fabrics, Dupioni has slubs and bumps that are a result of the two threads being woven together unevenly.

This gives the fabric a rustic, natural appearance that is highly desirable. It is similar to shantung, but slightly thicker, heavier, and with a greater slub (cross-sectional irregularity) count.

Dupioni silk is wonderful for tops, dresses, skirts, jackets, and pants. It is beautiful when used for children's clothing. Formalwear made from dupioni is dynamite! Dupioni also makes wonderful home décor such as draperies, pillows, and tablecloths.

Advantages of dupioni:

Medium weight

Resist wrinkles

Strong durability

SILK SHANTUNG FABRIC(smooth dupioni)

Shantung originated in the Chinese province of Shandong. Estimates vary regarding when shantung fabric was first woven, but there are records of this fabric reaching Western populations that date back to the Renaissance period.

Like many silk fabrics, shantung is crisp, and its lightness causes it to drape elegantly. It is one of the high-end forms of silk fabric on the market, and stantung’s slightly fluted texture provides this fabric with excellent contrast with other types of silk textiles.

Shantung is a type of silk fabric with characteristic irregular ridges known as slubs.

Despite its subtly irregular texture, fabric connoisseurs consider shantung to be the gold standard of silk fabrics, and this textile is a popular choice for high-end wedding gowns.

Another popular application of shantung is ladies’ evening wear. Due to its lightweight attributes and excellent drape, shantung is uniquely appropriate for garments that flow and subtly accentuate the curvature of the female body.

Advantages of shantung:



Breathable and Comfortable


Chiffon from the French word chiffe which means "cloth or rag" .It is a lightweight, balanced plain-woven sheer fabric.

Chiffon is a weaving process that produces a lightweight, plain weave fabric with a slight shine. The chiffon weave results in small puckers that make the fabric a little rough to the touch. These puckers are created through the use of s-twist and z-twist crepe yarns, which are twisted counter-clockwise and clockwise respectively.

With its beautiful drape and shimmery appearance, chiffon is a popular choice for evening wear, wedding dresses, and high fashion dresses

Chiffon is often used as a decorative fabric in accessories, such as a lightweight scarf .

The transparent nature of chiffon makes it popular for use in undergarments and lingerie.

Sheer curtains and decorative upholstery are often made from chiffon. The fabric’s shimmery appearance make it a nice decorative choice, and its sheer nature allows light to stream through windows.

Advantages of chiffon:



Breathable and Comfortable

Updated on May 2024
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